Restoring Salmon to the Upper Reaches of Millstream Creek

Volunteer Putting Native Plants in the Ground

“There has never been a more urgent need to restore damaged ecosystems than now.” So proclaims the United Nations as a preamble to declaring 2021 – 2030 the Decade of Ecological Restoration. The purpose of the declaration is to serve as “a rallying call for the protection and revival of ecosystems all around the world, for the benefit of people and nature.”

The Greater Victoria region has its share of degraded natural ecosystems in desperate need of restoration. Among those hardest hit are the region’s streams. Many have been severely modified. Instead of following a natural course across the landscape, they’ve been forced into straight, concrete channels or steel culverts and in many cases, under parking lots, shopping malls and urban neighbourhoods. As a result the salmon runs these streams once supported collapsed.

One of the organizations working hard to restore the region’s damaged watersheds is Peninsula Streams Society (PSS). Their most recent project is aimed at opening up more habitat in the upper watershed of Millstream Creek.

To learn more about the project, I met Ian Bruce, the organization’s Executive Coordinator, at the site a couple of days ago. He and a couple of staff were preparing the area for planting the next day by volunteers.

This wasn’t our first meeting. Our paths had crossed a few times over the past 18 years since I was introduced to him. At the time, I was an environmental reporter with a local television station and I was doing a story for the 6 o’clock news about the restoration of small stream on the Saanich Peninsula near the airport. What I had forgotten was this was also about the time the PSS was formed.

It was natural then to start our conversation by asking him to remind me of how the Society came into being.

While the organization has only two other staff to assist Ian, it has had a big impact in restoring degraded watersheds within Greater Victoria by taking a grassroots approach.

The construction of a fishway and modification of a large culvert on Millstream Creek is the latest project of PSS and its supporters. Soon to be completed, this project makes it possible for returning salmon to access habitat further upstream. More habitat should translate into more salmon returning.

“Once I became involved in 2016,” he said, “I worked with them to get a fund-raising campaign going to make the project happen.” The Town of View Royal, City of Langford, and  Fisheries and Oceans Canada provided enough money to get a technical design made. With further fund-raising, the Society had almost enough to start construction in 2018; they’re still short about $300,000.

“At first we thought we were stuck, except that we had a shovel-ready project with professional engineering and technical design drawings ready for tender,” he explained.

With this asset, the Society was able to raise the last bit of funds needed to start work. Many, many organizations contributed. So many Ian couldn’t list them all. From start to finish, he estimates the total cost of the project to be in the order of one million dollars.

Definitely not an insignificant amount of money to raise, especially by a small conservation organization. I wondered about the cost of fishways in comparison to restoring stream banks and riparian vegetation.

I found it interesting that Ian appears to see the construction of the fishway and modification of the culvert as not restoration. Certainly they’re restoring a historic link for returning salmon to habitat upstream. More habitat should translate into more salmon returning.

But I think I understand where he’s coming from. The construction work here is a very different kind of restorative intervention than repairing stream banks in terms of scale, cost, and degree of constructed infrastructure. 

One thing we strongly agree on, is that restoration is not enough. Something else must happen. Several years back, Ian went through the Restoration of Natural Systems program at the University of Victoria and something that one of his instructors said deeply affected him and it has become a guiding principle for him personally as well as for PSS.

The next day I went back to speak with some of the volunteers who came out to help with putting native plants in the ground. I wanted to hear what motivated them to volunteer to do this physically challenging work.

The first volunteer I spoke with was Kitty Lloyd who I knew from my work as coordinator of the Greater Victoria Naturehood initiative. Kitty participated in our meetings and activities as a representative of the Capital Regional District where she worked as coordinator of the Gorge Waterway Initiative and Esquimalt Lagoon Stewardship Initiative. I knew she had recently retired. What I didn’t know is that she just recently joined the PSS board and was very excited about the Millstream Fishway project.

“Now that we know what damage we’ve done, we can’t not do restoration,” she said. “We need to clean up our mistakes and repair them as best as we can.”

And doing this hard work of restoring damaged natural ecosystems can be hugely rewarding as Kitty emphasized.

After chatting with Kitty, I looked around for my next “victim”. A young woman with bright blue-green hair caught my eye. She appeared to be about the same age of undergraduate students I once taught within the Department of Geography at the University of Victoria. She was down on her knees, covered in black mud and gently placing a fern into a hole she had just dug when I approached her.

She introduced herself as Tamara Bonsdorf.

An important aspect of the volunteer experience for Tamara was finding inspiration and hope for the future in it.

I, as well, came away from the experience with the same feelings. In fact, I continue to be encouraged and inspired by the ecological work carried out by Peninsula Streams Society and the local stewardship groups who partner with it. Together, they are making such an incredibly positive difference.

The UN has declared 2021 – 2030 as the Decade of Ecological Restoration as “a rallying call  for the protection and revival of ecosystems all around the world.” Think globally, act locally…that’s what Ian and PSS are doing and have been doing for almost two decades. 

But to continue doing important and badly needed restoration projects, Peninsula Streams Society must have adequate funding. Please consider making donation through annual giving or to their Legacy fund

Earth Day Message from Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia, Her Honour Janet Austin

“Today marks the 50th anniversary of Earth Day, an initiative celebrating our planet while driving an environmental movement to educate, inspire and mobilize change. The mission of Earth Day is keenly felt this year, as COVID-19 has resulted in many cars being off the road, resulting in a dramatic reduction in global greenhouse gas emissions. Wildlife has been spotted in formerly busy urban areas and blue skies can be seen in cities normally choked with smog. Local green spaces and parks have become welcome refuges, with people connecting to nature with newfound appreciation.”

Follow these links to read the entire message:

Naturehoods: What are they?

Shoal Harbour Roberts Bay

For the past five years, I’ve been assisting the Friends of Shoal Harbour with their communication and engagement activities. The Friends are a registered charity dedicated to the protection of the Shoal Harbour Migratory Bird Sanctuary. Established in 1931, the sanctuary encompasses 144 hectares of prime migratory bird habitat located in Sidney and North Saanich almost at the tip of Saanich Peninsula. It consists of tidal mudflats and sheltered bays.

Shoal Harbour Derelict Boat
Shoal Harbour Derelict Boat

To achieve their goal of seeing the Shoal Harbour Migratory Bird Sanctuary adequately protected and where possible restored, the Friends engage in a number of activities. They actively encourage the establishment of a community-based vision and plan that respects the birds, their habitat and the interests of the people who live, work, and recreate next to and on the waters and foreshore of the sanctuary. To this end, the Friends engage with the adjacent municipalities of the Town of Sidney and the District of North Saanich as well as the general public.

Judith Guichon Lieutenant Governor and Bob Peart Friends of Shoal Harbour Unveiling of Naturehood Sign
Judith Guichon Lieutenant Governor and Bob Peart Friends of Shoal Harbour Unveiling of Naturehood Sign

Over the past five years, the Friends have partnered with Nature Canada to create a “Naturehood” encompassing not just the Shoal Harbour sanctuary but also the whole of Saanich Peninsula. The goal of this initiative is to connect residents of the region with the nature that can be found in their neighbourhood. In 2017, Her Honour, Judith Guichon, Lieutenant Governor of BC dedicated the grounds of Government House as a naturehood. The grounds by the way encompass a significant stand of Garry oaks. Today, the Friends are working with a coalition of organizations to have Greater Victoria and the Saanich Peninsula declared a naturehood.

Male Bufflehead Male Bufflehead

Each year, they host “All Buffleheads Day” in October and a bird walk and tea in the spring. Each event is a welcoming celebration for the migratory birds that return to the sanctuary during their migrations. The Bufflehead merits having a day dedicated to it as it is emblematic of the sanctuary and is featured on the Town of Sidney’s crest. This remarkable little diving duck returns to the sanctuary and local waters with amazing punctuality, usually on or very near the 15th of October year after year.

Red-breasted Sapsucker Red-breasted Sapsucker

So what exactly is a naturehood anyway?

A NatureHood is your neighbourhood, but it can also be as large as the community you live or even larger, the region your community sits in. No matter how small or large the “hood”, nature can be found in all of them. It’s any place where you connect with nature’s wonder whether in your backyard, a tree-lined street or local park.

West Vancouver Condo Towers
West Vancouver Condo Towers

There’s a growing disconnect between modern urban societies and nature, coupled with the reality that there are many barriers (real and perceived) limiting people’s access to nature, such as distance, lack of knowledge, perceived cost, lack of equipment and cultural perceptions, just to mention a few. With the NatureHood program, Nature Canada seeks to address these and other barriers by helping people discover nature all around them right where they are.

Sunday Strollers Sunday Strollers
A key component of the NatureHood program is getting people, especially young people, outside. Research has shown that Canadians are spending more time than ever before indoors and sedentary. Kids are replacing outdoor play time with sitting in front of computer or crouched over a smartphone. The lack of activity and connection with nature has negative impacts on our physical and mental health.